SCUBA Category A1



Duties, responsibilities and requirements

1. Employer

Below are all Duties, Responsibilities and Requirements the employer has to comply with

1.1 Work instruction (2 risks)

Risk

Work instruction not in line with the law and legislation and industry standard

Minimum control measure

Version control, list of changes, evaluation and maintenance (custodian/ secretary)

Reference

Risk

Work instruction incomplete (unsound work instruction)

Minimum control measure

Minimum contents:

* Responsibilities and authorities

* Equipment and maintenance

* Diving procedures, including emergency procedures (see: Emergency Procedures and Contingencies)

* The Standby diver deployment and preparedness/ the level the standby diver needs to be dressed

* Facilities and procedures for situations which deviate from commonly occurring work situations

* Guidelines for decompression

* Reporting accidents and medical assistance

* Composition and use of the First Aid equipment

* Team composition (size, qualifications and tasks and authorities)

To the reference page.

Reference

AB article 6.15 paragraph 1a (sound work instruction), IMO resolution A. 692(17) Guidelines and Specifications for Hyperbaric Evacuation Systems

1.2 Work situation (1 risk)

Risk

Insufficient assurance of a safe work situation

Minimum control measure

Availability of a RI&E

Providing a safe and suitable work location

Recording of tasks and responsibilities of third parties

To the reference page.

Reference

AW:  article 5, IMO Resolution A.831 (19) Code of Safety for Diving Systems

AW: article 19

1.3 Contents Work plan (1 risk)

Risk

Work plan is incomplete

Minimum control measure

Minimum contents of work plan:

* Project specific Tasks, Responsibilities and Authorities

* Project specific RI&E.

Reference

1.4 Physical load (1 risk)

Risk

Physical load

Minimum control measure

Inventorise heavy material, provision of information/ advice

To the reference page.

Reference

AB:  Chapter 5 Section 1

2. Client/ third parties

 

2. Client/ third parties

 

2.1 Information to the contractor (1 risk)

Risk

Providing incomplete information to the contractor

Minimum control measure

Formal recording of tasks, responsibilities and authorities of all parties concerned, for example by means of a work permit system to avoid endangering the contractor

To the reference page.

Reference

AW: article 19

 

3. Diving Supervisor

 

3. Diving Supervisor

 

3.1 Familiarity work instruction and work plan (1 risk)

 

Risk

Insufficient familiar with the Work instruction and the Work plan

Minimum control measure

Diving Supervisor shall be given sufficient time to become familiar with the Work instruction and Work plan

Reference

 

3.2 Familiarity diving system (1 risk)

Risk

Insufficient familiar with the diving system

Minimum control measure

Diving Supervisor shall be given sufficient time to become familiar with the hyperbaric system / diving system being used

Reference

3.3 Personnel (1 risk)

Risk

Not suitable/ trained/ examined

Minimum control measure

The diving supervisor is checking whether the diving team is suitable for the tasks the diving team is planned to execute and or the diving team is in possession of the correct and valid (diving) certiificates and a valid medical examination

Reference

3.4 Breathing gas (2 risks)

Risk

Insufficient quantity of breathing gas

Minimum control measure

In case of emergency the diver shall be able to make use of such a quantity of reserve breathing gas which will allow him to abort the dive and to complete it in a safe manner. Hereby use can be made of a checklist, check by the diving supervisor, reserve pressure warning system (active or passive depending on the circumstances) and a dive planning/ dive worktime calculation. Working in accordance with the WOD-SOE

Reference

Reference

WOD-SOE Minimum system requirements

AB 6.15 paragraph 1 b

Risk

Incorrect breathing gas

Minimum control measure

Prior the dive the diving supervisor shall ensure that the correct breathing gas is used

In case of SCUBA diving when using a breathing gas other than air shall prior the dive the exact composition of the breathing gas be established

Reference

Reference

AB 6.15 paragraph 1 b

4. Divers

 

4. Divers

 

4.1 Familiarity work plan (1 risk)

Risk

Insufficient familiar with the Work plan

Minimum control measure

Divers must be sufficiently instructed. Proper instruction (for example start work meeting/ kick-off) and formal recording of tasks and responsibilities

To the reference page.

Reference

AW: article 8, AB: article 6.15

5. Diving assistant (Tender)

 

5. Diving assistant (Tender)

 

5.1 Familiarity work activities (1 risk)

Risk

Insufficient familiar with the work activities under hyperbaric conditions and the associated tasks and responsibilities

Minimum control measure

Proper instruction( for example start work meeting/ kick-off) and formal recording of roles and responsibilities

To the reference page.

Reference

AW: article 8, AB: article 6.15

6. Other supporting personnel

 

6. Other supporting personnel

 

6.1 Familiarity work activities (1 risk)

Risk

Insufficient familiar with the work activities under hyperbaric conditions and their associated tasks and responsibilities

Minimum control measure

Proper instruction (for example start work meeting/ kick-off) and formal recording of roles and responsibilities

To the reference page.

Reference

AW: article 8, AB: article 6.15


Equipment

1. Equipment general (5 risks)

Risk

Damaged

Minimum control measure

Equipment management, checking by diver and diving supervisor, working in accordance with WOD-SOE

Reference

Reference

 WOD-SOE Maintenance system requirements

Risk

Not inspected

Minimum control measure

Checking by or under the responsibility of the diving supervisor, working in accordance with WOD-SOE

Reference

Reference

WOD-SOE Detail sheets

Risk

Unsound

Minimum control measure

Checking by or under the responsibility of the diving supervisor, working in accordance with WOD-SOE

Reference

Reference

WOD-SOE

- Detail sheets

- Minimum system requirements

Risk

Prepared incorrectly and or not working

Minimum control measure

Checking by or under the responsibility of the diving supervisor, working in accordance with WOD-SOE

Reference

Reference

WOD-SOE

- Maintenance system requirements

- Detail sheets

- Minimum system requirements

Risk

Non compliance with the minimum system requirements

Minimum control measure

Working in accordance with WOD-SOE

Reference

Reference

WOD-SOE minimum system requirements and IMO

2. Breathing gas (1 risk)

Risk

Wrong breathing gas quality

Minimum control measure

Periodic inspecting installation and before use inspection of examination/testing report, working in accordance with WOD-SOE

Reference

Reference

WOD-SOE Detail sheets

3. Transportation of a (wounded) diver to and from the diving work location (1 risk)

Risk

Incurring injury, damage diving equipment or delay

Minimum control measure

The availability of a suitable device allowing the diver to safely enter and exit the liquid in which the diving work is carried out

The availability of a means to bring in case of an emergency a wounded or unconscious diver on deck and/ or ashore. Working in accordance with WOD-SOE

To the reference page.

Reference

WOD-SOE Minimum system requirements


Personnel

1. Qualification and competence

1. Qualification and competence

1.1 Diving assistant (Tenders) Category A 1 (1 risk)

Risk

Incompetent diving assistant

Minimum control measure

The diving supervisor checks that the diving assistant he/ she has appointed:

- Is physically able to assist with emergency procedures

- Has knowledge of the routing in the building/ ZOO

- Has a job description and he/she is familiar with it

- Has been instructed and trained on what to do in case of emergency procedures

- Is available during diving work

- Is present at the discussion regarding  the diving work prior commencement of the work

To the reference page.

Reference

AW: article 11

1.2 Diver (2 risks)

Risk

Not qualified and/ or incompetent diving personnel

Minimum control measure

Training, practice, competence verification and checking of certificates and notification by the diver

To the reference page.

Reference

AW: article 11, AB: article 6.14 and 6.16, AR: Chapter 6 and Appendix XVIc

Risk

Lack of practical experience or specific practical experience

Minimum control measure

The number of divers used with no or restricted specific practical experience shall be considered during the work preparation phase

Reference

 

1.3 Standby diver (1 risk)

Risk

Too late ready to assist a diver in distress

Minimum control measure

1. A standby diver must be present at the diving location

2. The standby diver must be immediately ready and completely dressed, except for his mask or diving helmet, if diving work is carried out under the following conditions:

- With current/ tidal conditions above 0.5 metres per second

- When diving is carried out under hazardous conditions

- In case of high probability the diver will get stuck to something

- In any other situation when the diving supervisor is of the opinion there is a need that a diver requires immediate assistance

3. In any other situations the standby diver must be immediately available, the diving equipment be ready, tested and ready for immediate use.

4. Mining industry and Energy generation related diving work requires the standby diver to be immediately ready and completely dressed, except for his diving helmet.

To the reference page.

Reference

AB: article 6.16, AR: Chapter 6 and Appendix XVIc

1.4 Diving Supervisor (1 risk)

Risk

Not qualified and/ or incompetent diving personnel

Minimum control measure

Training, practice, competence verification and checking of certificates by employer and notification by the employee

To the reference page.

Reference

AW: article 11, AB: article 6.14 and 6.16, AR: Chapter 6 and Appendix XVIb

1.5 Diving medical attendant/diver medic (2 risks)

Risk

Not qualified and/ or incompetent diving medical attendant/ diver medic

Minimum control measure

1. Training, practice, competence verification and checking of certificates and notification by the employee

2. For Category 1 diving work :

- The diving medical attendant/ diver medic shall as a minimum be in possession of a certificate Restricted medical attendant (First Aid Diving work)

To the reference page.

Reference

AW: article 11

AB: article 6.15 paragraph 1c (diving medical attendant/ diver medic)

AR: Chapter 6 and Appendix XVId.

Risk

Not available for attending hyperbaric treatment in the compression chamber

Minimum control measure

- When this diving medical attendant/ diver medic is a member of the diving team, he may not himself be diving nor may he in the previous 12 hours have been diving deeper than 9 meters

- Only in case the diving team is allowed to consist of 2 persons (Category A1, pursuant to AB article 6.16, 4th paragraph and Working Conditions Catalogue: Personnel point 2), the diving medical attendant/ diver medic  may also perform the role of diving supervisor  and standby diver;  the above mentioned 12 hours requirement does not apply in this situation

Reference

 

1.6 Diving doctor (1 risk)

Risk

Not qualified and/ or incompetent diving doctor

Minimum control measure

A diving doctor B or a diving doctor A shall be in possession of a valid certificate which is applicable for the work he is going to perform, taking in consideration:

A diving doctor A is only allowed to carry our periodical (renewal) examination of professional divers

A diving doctor B is allowed to:

1. To carry out the initial examination (first examination) of professional divers

2. To carry out periodical (renewal) examination of professional divers

3. To provide medical support

4. To act as medical advisor

 

To the reference page.

Reference

AB: article 6.14 a paragraph 1 and paragraph 2

AB: article 6.14b

AB: article 6.15 paragraph 2

AR: Chapter 6 and Appendix XVIa

2. Number of personnel/ team size (2 risks)

Risk

Too small team to get a diver in distress out of a liquid and/ or to mobilise in an adequate manner external assistance

Minimum control measure

Minimum team size during diving is at all times in accordance with AB article 6.16 paragraph 1 (at least one diver, one standby diver and a diving supervisor). In case diving is carried out in the diving work Category A 2 + A 3 or Category B 1 - B4 no use may be of the deviation which is defined in AB article 6.16 paragraph 4. In case diving is carried out in the diving work Category A1  and use is made of the deviation in AB article 6.16 paragraph 4 the team shall be increased by at least one supporting team member (diving assistant)(See Personnel point 1.1)

Reference

 

Risk

Too small team to be able to execute the work in a safe manner

Minimum control measure

Team size is determined by the nature of the work, diving method and handling of potential emergency situations. Under the below mentioned circumstances there is a potential risk that the divers will get into difficulties, such as meant in AB article 6.16 paragraph 4:

- Standby diver cannot put on diving equipment by himself

- Poor visibility, namely: at less than 1 meter persons or objects are not clearly visible

- Impossibility to free ascend

- Presence of obstructions

- Entering hollow spaces

- Educating and training of divers

In case of Mining industry/ Energy generation related hyperbaric work the minimum team size is 5 persons (diving supervisor, diver, standby diver, diving assistant for the diver and a diving assistant for the standby diver)

Reference

 

3. Working periods/ times (1 risk)

Risk

Exhaustion and loss of concentration

Minimum control measure

Working in accordance with the ATW and in case of saturation diving in every 24 hours at least 12 hours uninterrupted rest for the diver

Bell runs may from disconnection from the system till connection to the system not take longer than 8 hours

A diver lock-out out of the bell may take a maximum of 6 hours

To the reference page.

Reference

ATW, DMAC D 20

4. Safety training (1 risk)

Risk

Insufficient knowledge and experience with regard to safe working

Minimum control measure

Sufficiently participating in safety trainings and practicing emergency procedures (See Emergency Procedures and Contingencies) associated with the work

To the reference page.

Reference

VCA, BHV, EHBO, etc..


Medical

1. Medical equipment (1 risk)

Risk

Incorrect composition of medical equipment

Minimum control measure

1. Oxygen kit is a necessary element of the first aid equipment. The quantity of available oxygen must be sufficient for the travel time to the nearest recompression facility (See Emergency Procedures and Contingencies point 2.1) or the time it takes till arrival of professional medical assistance

2. For recreational divers the first aid equipment shall meet the requirements, which are specified by the “Nederlandse Onderwatersportbond” (NOB)

Restricted Diving medical attendant minimum medical equipment:

- Oxygen kit

- First aid kit as defined by the company medical department or complies with the "Orange Cross" guidelines for companies

To the reference page.

Reference

AB: article 6.15 paragraph 1d (First aid equipment)

2. Medical examination/ checks (4 risks)

Risk

Use of medication, alcohol use and use of hallucinogenic drugs

Minimum control measure

Notification by the diver

To the reference page.

Reference

AW: article 11 and AB: article 9.5

Risk

Physical condition

Minimum control measure

Notification by the diver

To the reference page.

Reference

AW: article 11 and AB: article 9.5

Risk

Mental condition

Minimum control measure

Notification by diver

To the reference page.

Reference

AW: article 11 and AB: article 9.5

Risk

No diver medical

Minimum control measure

1. Check diver logbook + notification by the diver
2. The examination prior commencement working under hyperbaric conditions shall be carried out by a Diving Doctor B in a sufficiently equipped centre to carry all aspects of the examination. Periodical examinations may be carried out by a Diving Doctor A.
Following a diver illness such as decompression sickness, air embolism or a disorder mentioned as absolute contraindication the medical examination shall take place by a doctor with a certificate Diving Doctor B.

Regarding to the medical examination for persons carrying out diving work, caisson work and other work under hyperbaric conditions the following applies:
A person who is required to carry out diving work, caisson work and other work under hyperbaric conditions:
- Shall without restrictions be able to carry out his work under hyperbaric conditions , under physical heavy circumstances be able to swim/ walk, communicate and be able to cope with the responsibility psychologically;
- may not endanger himself or another member of the team by a medical disorder during working under hyperbaric conditions such as loss of consciousness, loss of orientation or panic attack;
- may not have a disorder which as a result of working under hyperbaric conditions may worsen;
- may not have a disorder which may cause the development of a diver illness such as decompression illness or barotrauma.

At least the following aspects need to be examined:

    CI Assessment/Biometrics

1

Infectious diseases    
  in case untreated R  

2

Endocrine organs    
  diabetes mellitus A  

3

Psychological illnesses     
  Psycho syndromes and  psychotic disorders A  
  Claustrophobia A  

4

Nervous system   *baseline
  Episodes of  loss of consciousness, convulsions, loss of eyesight, loss of
muscular movement and/ or orientation
A Neurological status
*visus
  dizziness A  
  epilepsy A  

5

Tractus circulatorius   * ergometry
  Septal defects A  
  angina pectoris A  
  decompensation cordis A  
  myocardial  infarction A  
  arrhythmia R  
  hypertension R  

6

Tractus respiratorius   * 1e examination: X-thorax
  Air embolism A * lung function assessment
  COPD A  

7

Tractus digestivus    
  hiatus hemiae/ abominal hernia R  
  acute and/ or chronic hepatitis or pancreatitis A  
  haermorrhoids R  

8

Tractus urogenitalis   * urine assessment
  Disorders with abnormal kidney function A  

9

Ear-Nose-Throat   * tone audiogram
  chronic otitis media A  
  middle ear operations A  
  M. Ménière A  
  mastoiditis A  
  dental condition (loose
elements)
R  

10

Haematology   * complete
  thallassaemia major A Blood count incl. Hb, Ht and leucocytes
*glucose
*sickle cell
exclude on indication

11

Other disorders    
  malignancy R  
       
  CI (contra indication): A = absolute, R = relative (often till correction)
To the reference page.

Reference

AW: article 11 and AB: article 6.14

3. Liaison with a suitable doctor (1 risk)

Risk

Non-functioning means of communication

Minimum control measure

Appropriate means of communication in relation to the work location (inclusive back-up)

Reference

Reference

 AB: article 6.15 paragraph 2

4. Medical and Physiological considerations

 

4. Medical and Physiological considerations

 

4.1 Diver checks (1 risk)

Risk

Failure to observe changes in the health status of the diver

Minimum control measure

Monitoring the health status of the diver. Possible ways are: video (ROV), voice communication and line signals. The RI&E will indicate which method must be used

Reference

4.2 Flying after diving (1 risk)

Risk

Contract a decompression sickness during flying after diving

Minimum control measure

Planning air travel in accordance with the requirements in the decompression tables being used

Reference

4.3 Diving medical risks (2 risks)

Risk

Primary diver sickness, secondary diver sickness, other disorders and decompression sickness

Minimum control measure

Diving medical aspects of diving as described in the textbook diving medical attendance for the relevant category of diving work, briefing, presence of a diving medial attendant/ diver medic and medical evacuation plan, contact means and options with diving doctor, presence of a First Aid kit

To the reference page.

Reference

AR: Appendix XVI a, c and d

Risk

Decompression sickness

Minimum control measure

Checking diver logbook + notification by diver (possibly recreational diving and diving at third parties) and use of decompression tables, presence of a decompression chamber in accordance with AB: article 6.18

To the reference page.

Reference

AW: article 11


Work planning

1. Risk Management Process (1 risk)

Risk

Not described or new risks which are not managed

Minimum control measure

Periodic re-evaluation of the available RI&E, execution of a specific RI&E for the diving project and the execution of a RI&E by the diving supervisor prior to the diving operation and in case of changed circumstances. (Think hereby about “management of change”)

To the reference page.

Reference

AW: article. 5

2. Operational and Safety Aspects

2. Operational and Safety Aspects

2.1 Diving depth (3 risks)

Risk

Not capable to remain at the desired water depth

Minimum control measure

A provision to allow the diver to remain at the desired waterdepth

Reference

Risk

Diving method/ category/ equipment unsuitable for the diving depth and or diving work

Minimum control measure

Comply with the limits in AR Appendix XVIc. Working in accordance the WOD-SOE

Reference

Reference

AR: Appendix XVIc

WOD-SOE minimum system requirements

Risk

Use of incorrect decompression table

Minimum control measure

- Establish the diving depth

- Facilities in accordance with the WOD-SOE

Reference

Reference

WOD-SOE minimum system requirements

2.2 Discharges (1 risk)

Risk

Contaminated water (thermal and/or chemical) uncontrolled “blowing away” of the diver

Minimum control measure

Closing of discharge or keep a safe distance

Reference

 

2.3 Intakes (1 risk)

Risico

Be sucked against the intake and or entrapment

Minimum control measure

Closing of intake or keep a safe distance whereby the diving supervisor has control over the operation of the pump. Possibly make use of a work permit or “safe to dive certificate”

Reference

 

2.4 Safe use of electricity (1 risk)

Risk

Incur electrical shock

Minimum control measure

Approach a specialist for minimum control measure

To the reference page.

Reference

IMCA D 045 and IMCA R004

2.5 High pressure water jetting (1 risk)

Risk

Cuts of limbs and infection (dirty water)

Minimum control measure

Working with such a length of lance that the body cannot be hit by the water jet. When using a shorter length of lance working with two-handed activation

To the reference page.

Reference

Industrial Cleaning Foundation (SIR) Manual “High Pressure water jetting”

2.6 Working with Oxygen enriched mixtures and Oxygen ( 2 risks)

Risk

Self ignition/ danger of explosion and can fuel a fire

Minimum control measure

The percentage of oxygen in a decompression chamber and other enclosed (accommodation-, living- or work) spaces shall not come above 25%

Reference

Reference

WOD-SOE Minimum system requirements

Risk

Explosion risk

Minimum control measure

Equipment and materials to be oxygen cleaned when using 40% and higher, working in accordance WOD-SOE

Reference

Reference

WOD-SOE Minimum system requirements

2.7 Underwater obstructions (2 risks)

Risk

Getting trapped

Minimum control measure

If possible and necessary removal, exploratory dive. Include in a specific Work plan. Consult available data regarding the diving location

Reference

 

Risk

Damage to diving equipment

Minimum control measure

If possible and necessary removal, exploratory dive. Include in a specific Work plan. Consult available data regarding the diving location

Reference

 

3. Considerations air, weather and sea conditions

3. Considerations air, weather and sea conditions

3.1 Weather conditions, Darkness (1 risk), Reduced visibility (above water) (1 risk), Temperature (1 risk)

Risk

Darkness. Insufficient overview of the work location

Minimum control measure

Lighting

Reference

 

Risk

Reduced visibility (above water) Insufficient overview of the work location

Minimum control measure

Setting of a limit, the work area of the diver must always be visible and in case of shipping set a situation dependant limit

Reference

 

Risk

Temperature. Hypothermia and overheating/ heat stroke

Minimum control measure

1. Specific work instruction regarding the work duration, clothing, shelter, climate controlled environment, diver and also other personnel

2. Ways to maintain the body temperature of the diver in thermal balance

Reference

3.2 Hazardous Marine Life (1 risk)

Risk

Personal injury

Minimum control measure

Protective clothing and a specific work instruction

Reference

 

4. Communications

4. Communications

4.1 Communication with third parties/ bystanders, such as shipping, deck personnel, operators, crane drivers (1 risk)

Risk

Cause of dangerous situations such as: collision, being run down, falling loads, getting trapped, be sucked against or getting stuck, etc.

Minimum control measure

In advance agree communication and remain in contact with third parties/ bystanders, marking of dive location and show the prescribed signals

Reference

 

4.2 Miscommunication (1 risk)

Risk

Uncertainty about instructions diving supervisor versus diver

Minimum control measure

In advance agreement on the language to be used. Recording of communication procedure in the work instruction

Reference

 


Emergency Procedures and Contingencies

1. Diving emergencies

 

1. Diving emergencies

 

1.1 Loss of communications (1 risk)

Risk

Increased risk of accidents

Minimum control measure

Abort the dive. Working conform WOD-SOE

To the reference page.

Reference

WOD-SOE Minimum system requirements

1.2 Diver in distress (1 risk)

Risk

Increased risk of personal injury

Minimum control measure

Abort the dive, provide assistance including deployment of the standby diver and implementation of the agreed emergency procedure

Reference

1.3 Dealing with an injured or unconscious diver (1 risk)

Risk

Risk of (additional) injury, drowning

Minimum control measure

Inclusion of this emergency procedure in the Work instruction

Reference

1.4 Non-functioning or defective equipment (1 risk)

Risk

Increased risk of accidents and personal injury

Minimum control measure

Abort the dive and implement agreed emergency procedure

Reference

2. Hyperbaric Evacuation

 

2. Hyperbaric Evacuation

Evacuation of divers from the diving location due to an emergency situation such as  fire or sinking ship/ platform

 

2.1 SCUBA , no or interrupted decompression following dive due to evacuation(1 risk)

Risk

Contract decompression sickness

Minimum control measure

Procedure and resources (e.g. sufficient oxygen and medical supplies during transport) to transfer diver to the nearest recompression facility

Reference

 

3. Diving contractor contingency centre (1 risk)

Risk

Inability to deal adequately with emergencies which may occur

Minimum control measure

The availability of a room equipped with sufficient communication facilities, relevant documentation and other necessary facilities for the supporting/ coordinating team that is called out in case of an emergency.

Reference